Betty Grable


“There are two reasons why I am successful in show business. And I am standing on both of them.”

—Betty Grable

World War II will forever be remembered for a myriad of events and images, some  of which are the pictures of a famous Missourian performing for the soldiers at  the most remote locales. Betty Grable is an American movie icon and a piece of  Americana as the voluptuous pin-up girl with the million-dollar legs.


Ruth Elizabeth Grable was born on December 18, 1916, to a family on the  south side of St. Louis. Her father was a successful businessman, which allowed  the family to live in relative luxury in the Forest Park Apartment Hotel. Her  family’s stature also allowed the girl to attend the prestigious Mary Institute prep  school. Her mother was intent on training the young girl for stardom, which  included enrolling her in dance classes and encouraging her to take saxophone and singing lessons.

The family went to California on vacation when Betty was about thirteen  years old. Shortly after the trip, her mother decided it was in the family’s best  interest for her and her daughter to move to Tinseltown so the young girl could  pursue an acting career. Soon after arriving in Los Angeles, Betty enrolled in  performance classes at the Hollywood Professional School, the Albertina Rosch  School, and the Ernest Blecher Academy. She was still young, but casting directors  noticed her amazing talent.


Betty’s first professional job required her to break the law in order to perform.   The law in California stated that performers had to be at least fifteen years old
to perform in the chorus, but she was only thirteen when she landed a role in “Let’s Go Places.” When producers found out that she falsified documents, she was terminated and forced to wait a few years before taking any more chorus jobs.

In the meantime, she continued to take classes and refine her talents. The  same year, she also landed a role in Whoopee! under the leadership of Hollywood  icon Sam Goldwyn. The movie proved to be a big stepping-stone for the actress.  Numerous opportunities followed, including roles in two movies with Ginger Rogers and Fred Astaire.


In 1937, Betty was in her early twenties and had a new husband and a new job as  the leading lady in Down Argentine Way. The movie made her an international star  about the same time World War II was beginning to break out around the globe.   She continued to perform, only now for American troops. Her famous pose in a  white swimsuit graced the walls of barracks all over the world and on the ships that carried soldiers to the front lines. She also became an unofficial symbol of what was waiting for the men at home when the war was over.

Over the next several decades, Grable became one of the most prolific and successful actresses of all time, performing in hundreds of films. She solidified  her place in Hollywood lore with outstanding performances in Pin Up Girl, How to  Marry a Millionaire, and Guys and Dolls. Her career came to a sudden halt when she was diagnosed with lung cancer in 1972. She died less than one year later.


*In 1943, Twentieth Century Fox had Betty’s legs insured with Lloyd’s of London for the record $1.25 million.

*The treasury department recorded Grable as the highest earning American woman in 1946–1947, earning about three hundred thousand dollars annually.

*Grable was listed as one of the top ten box office stars for twelve years.


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Famous People From the Show Me State